Allow generation an x509 certificates with an SHA256 signature hash
Apparently pfsense's Cert Manager has hard-coded the use of SHA-1 for all PKI operations ("digest_alg" => "sha1" in /etc/inc/certs.inc).
It'd be nice to allow user-selectable digest_alg (options would be sha224/sha256/sha384/sha512), since according to Wiki & NIST "cryptographic weaknesses were discovered in SHA-1 and the standard is no longer approved for most cryptographic uses after 2010".
#1 Updated by Dim Hatz over 7 years ago
Just quick update:
1) The relevant keyword in openssl.cnf is default_md = sha256 # (md5/sha512/etc)
2) For openssl command-line -sha256 is correct for commandline req including req -x509, and x509 including x509 -req, but not for "openssl ca". ca uses -md sha256.
#2 Updated by Jim Pingle over 7 years ago
- Assignee set to Jim Pingle
I'd hate to hardcode a list, but openssl doesn't appear to have a good way to list the available message digest algorithms in the version we use. "openssl list-message-digest-commands" doesn't contain all the right ones, and "list-message-digest-algorithms" seems to only be in OpenSSL >= 1.0.
Passing an invalid parameter to "openssl dgst" such as "openssl dgst -h" can get one somewhat but it's still would be awkward to parse.
May be better to hardcode in the long run since many of these are probably unsuitable anyhow...
-md5 to use the md5 message digest algorithm (default) -md4 to use the md4 message digest algorithm -md2 to use the md2 message digest algorithm -sha1 to use the sha1 message digest algorithm -sha to use the sha message digest algorithm -sha224 to use the sha224 message digest algorithm -sha256 to use the sha256 message digest algorithm -sha384 to use the sha384 message digest algorithm -sha512 to use the sha512 message digest algorithm -mdc2 to use the mdc2 message digest algorithm -ripemd160 to use the ripemd160 message digest algorithm
#3 Updated by Dim Hatz over 7 years ago
Based on some searching I did earlier, it seems that the only ones suitable are:
sha1 (with the above mentioned reservations)
A quick checking of Root CAs (Verisign, Thawte, Godaddy etc), suggests that they are transitioning to sha256/RSA2048 or better.
PS: Since we're talking about networking gear, there is also a related table by Cisco at http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/nextgen_crypto.html