Bug #10503


Flapping any GW in multi-WAN influences restating all IPsec tunnels in FRR which leads to dropping all IPsec VTI static routes and related BGP issues

Added by Constantine Kormashev almost 4 years ago. Updated almost 4 years ago.

Target version:
Start date:
Due date:
% Done:


Estimated time:
Plus Target Version:
Affected Version:
Affected Plus Version:
Affected Architecture:


There are 2 nodes with a multi-WAN setup: 2 WANs, 2 Gateways. The are 2 IPsec VTI tunnel every working through its own Gateway.
There is a FRR BGP setup with sessions via IPsec VTI tunnels. But both sessions sends and receives updates using loopback interfaces and static routes via IPsec VTI.

      +->loopback1-->IPsec VTI1-->WANGW1--v                v--WANGW3<--IPsec VTI3<--loopback3<-+
Node1 |                                   +->the internet<-+                                   | Node2
      +->loopback2-->IPsec VTY2-->WANGW2--^                ^--WANGW4<--IPsec VTI4<--loopback4<-+

FRR recursively finds Next-Hop for BGP routes via static routes via IPsec. So Node1 can reach routes that are behind Node2 via Node2 loopbacks (loopback3 and loopback4) and vice versa, Node2 can reach Node1 routes via loopback1 and loopback2.
If one of Gateway flapping, even if it is not default Gateway, it seems leading to remove static routes for all IPsec tunnel, due event /rc.newipsecdns and ipsec_reload_package_hook() which executes

`function frr_ipsec_reload() {
        $vti_ifs = array_keys(interface_ipsec_vti_list_all());
        foreach ($vti_ifs as $vif) {
                mwexec('/usr/local/bin/frrctl cycleinterface ' . escapeshellarg($vif));

The interesting thing here is that, existing BGP routes and BGP table entries are not removed from FRR routing table and BGP table, probably because BGP large session timeout. But at the same time these BGP routes are removed from system routing table. And the more interesting, is that, even if static routes via IPsec returned to system routing table and FRR routing table, these BGP routes are not exported back to system routing table by FRR.
On system it looks like:

Static routes through IPsec in FRR table

K>* [0/0] via, 1d01h00m
K>* [0/0] via, 1d01h00m

BGP routes in FRR table

B> [20/0] via (recursive), 2d05h00m
  *                         via, 2d05h00m

FRR BGP entries

*              0            50 65501 i
*>                    0    150    100 65501 i

System route table has static routes through IPsec  UGS 3750    1400    ipsec3000  UGS 3752    1400    ipsec1000

But there are not BGP routes even if they, as we can see, exist in FRR routing table and BGP table. Pay attention on routes uptime. BGP session uptime is the same as BGP routes uptime.

Actions #1

Updated by Jim Pingle almost 4 years ago

  • Category set to FRR
Actions #2

Updated by Alhusein Zawi almost 4 years ago

Working around the issue by splitting FRR from Vti

- Add new VIPs to Local host. (one to each side , do not use the same subnet).

- Use VTI interface to route VIPs between your sites by using static routes. System>Routing>Static Routes.

- Use remote VIP as BGP Neighbors IP Name/Address.

- Use the local VIP as Update Source Services>FRR> BGP> Edit>Neighbors.


Also available in: Atom PDF